~ ~ ~

“The aim of the Bretton Woods Conference was the creation of a dynamic world community
in which the peoples of every nation will be able to realize their potentialities in peace.”

Henry Morgenthau, Chair, 1944 Bretton Woods Conference & US Treasury Secretary





To the Inauguration of The Bretton Woods Monetary Institute & Festival,

~ December 1 – 8, 2109

75 years after the original 1944 Bretton Woods Conference

( See 2019 Inauguration )



~ ~ ~

One can not solve a problem with the same thinking that created it in the first place, 
Einstein noted, and went on to add that to try to do so is “insanity.”

Indeed, does anyone doubt that we can do better?


“May there always be sunshine; may there always be blue skies; 
may there always be Mama; may there always be me.”

These words were first given voice in 1928 by a four year old Russian boy, Kostya Barannikov, concerned about the war that had engulfed his land. Kostya’s words were hearkened to by family and friends and carried on their lips and in their hearts across their broad land and beyond their borders.

“May there always be sunshine, may there always be blue skies”… Kostya’s words re-sound on into our time. 

Much is said about the climate crisis, including by Kostya’s Swedish neighbor and “sister,” Greta Thunberg. Amidst the growing concern about what we must do (outwardly) to stem the tide, the mounting tides… a refrain from the Mahatma, Gandhi, himself, is all too easily drowned out: 

We must become the change that we seek. 

We the People? 

Can it be?

How so?

If that change is to be substantial and ongoing, as opposed to fleeting and superficial, must it not incorporate the central recognition that inspired the labors of not just Gandhi, but Dr. King, Cesar Chavez, Nelson Mandela, Rogiberta Menchú Tum, Wangari Maathai, Malala Yousafzai and, in fact, that inspired all genuine efforts at reform, healing and renewal, over the ages? 

If we are not to labor under a curse, our will must not only be strong and firm. It must be good. For, if we are unable to draw from such a reservoir of good will, unable to love our reputed enemy — beginning here in the United/Disunited States — do we not become the same?

Divided and conquered, have we not lost the battle — when we forget that We the People are on the same side? Must it take further cataclysms, including earth quakes, tornados, infernos, and hurricanes for us to be reminded of this abiding truth? The People, We, are in it together: the “Ship of State,” the States, our Global Community.

This is the central purpose and abiding aim of The Inauguration of The Bretton Woods Monetary Institute & Festival: To remember who we are: We the People, fellow members of ONE human family.

This purpose will be realized through the Global Bretton Woods Working Circles in ALL the professions. All people of good will are invited to step forward and roll up their sleeves together

The purpose of the Working Circles is to contribute toward turning New Hampshire’s North Country into a Northern Kingdom: a global model for economic and cultural renewal that — in the spirit of the words, “The Last Will Become the First,” Servant-Leaders — will address the central question:

How can your profession — be it banking, education, the arts, technology, health care, public service etc., and their related trades — how can We, together, contribute toward fulfilling the vision of the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference? That vision was given voice by its chairman, the US Secretary of the Treasury, Henry Morgenthau himself:  

“The aim of the Bretton Woods Conference was the creation of a dynamic world community
in which the peoples of every nation will be able to realize their potentialities in peace.”

Those professions include the military itself.

Through sister-community relationships, beginning in Kanawake, Canada among our fellow Native-North Americans, Tuskegee, Alabama among our fellow African-Americans, and Querétaro, Mexico among our fellow Latin-Americans, we look forward to sharing the fruits of The Global Bretton Woods Working Circles with fellow citizens beyond the North Country, the arising Northern Kingdom. The Working Circles are global in the bridges they are building, in the service they offer through the rising New Hampshire model for economic and cultural renewal, servant-leadership.

Guided by this vision, we welcome the participation of ALL people of Good Will, old and younger alike, who are moved to embark upon this long-awaited journey together

~ ~ ~

“WE THE PEOPLE [of the United States], in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution [for the United States of America].”

Seventy-five years ago at the Mount Washington Hotel in the illumined shadow of Mount Kodaakwadjo/ Washington, representatives of 44 nations gathered in the final days of a second world war to establish a world bank and international monetary fund. Both institutions were based on the US dollar, which was made supreme, the global standard or “reserve currency.” In the aftermaths of the war, the delegates envisioned that the World Bank and International Monetary fund would start us upon the road to peace and prosperity.


As has become increasingly recognized, what the World Bank and International Monetary Fund did was globalize the US debt-based monetary system. This occurred through our debt-dollars themselves, “Federal Reserve Notes,” that, as such, are lent (at interest) as opposed to spent, interest-free, into circulation. In contrast to certificates (e.g. gift certificates that convey value), including the Script issued by the Franklin and the colonial leaders, Lincoln’s “Greenbacks”, and the “Silver Certificates” that Kennedy issued (i.e. spent interest-free into circulation, in order to bolster up our infrastructure and boost our economy), in contrast to such certificates a “note” is a debt or obligation owed to the name of the individual or institute on the note: the Federal Reserve. 

If the result of such a globalization has been anything, has it been a surprise? 

In his celebrated book, The Battle of Bretton Woods, Benn Steil, senior fellow, director of international economics, and official historian in residence at the Council on Foreign Relation, notes:

“The Bretton Woods conference was held seven decades ago, but the enduring concerns that Keynes and White sought to address in 1944 are still with us, with no solution in sight. 

One need only read today’s headlines reporting a prolonged slump following a financial collapse; failed austerity policies in Europe; speculative attacks on Asian currencies creating bubbles followed by crashes; and worries about the future of the dollar. 

The ills of the interwar period have recurred in different form….

Those who have apprised themselves of this history are well aware of such a litany. 

The point is: We can do better.

If, that is, we “homo-sapiens” (Latin: “wise man; Homo is the human gen[i]us”) — if We the People remember who we are.

We will do better, we suggest, if we can call to mind the abiding law of this and all all lands, “The Great Law of Peace.” Inspired by the “Great Law,” Benjamin Franklin and our Founding Fathers invited the Iroquois Confederacy Chiefs to attend the Albany Congress of June 19-July 11, 1754. The purpose of their attendance was to offer the commissioners their counsel about how the colonies could best confederate, in order to create the ever “more perfect union” toward which they aspired. The words of Sken:nen Raha:wi, founder of the Iroquois Confederation and representative of “The True White Brother,” re-sound on into our time:

“In all your deliberations in the Confederate Council, in your efforts at law making, in all your official acts, self-interest shall be cast into oblivion… Look and listen for the welfare of the whole people and have always in view not only the present but also the coming generations – the unborn of the future Nation.” 

Through the recognition of Franklin, Jefferson, Paine, and Madison, in particular, the Iroquois Chiefs offered, at the outset of our constitutional process, the indigenous cornerstone. Through their council, the Chiefs contributed to the awakening of the American dream, the dreaming spirit of the United States of America, as it sounded through its Declaration of Independence, “The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen United States of America”:

“When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.”

We commend to you, friends, the unfolding pages of this declaration, this Bretton Woods Inauguration. We offer it up 266 years after the Albany Congress; 244 years following the Declaration of Independence, during the 75th anniversary of the original 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, attended by delegates from 44 nations, on the eve of 2020, the 400th anniversary of the arrival of the Pilgrim at Plymouth Rock. 

Might the time be at hand for our long awaited re-union here in our ever “New World”? Might the time be at hand to take to heart ALL of the counsel offered us by the Original Peoples of this land and its Peace-Maker — above all with respect, indeed, to the role of women in our worldly affairs, our mothers, the Earth herself, who bears in her troubled womb our very future? 

“… Look and listen for the welfare of the whole people and have always in view
not only the present but also the coming generations – the unborn of the future Nation.” 

A warm welcome to those who have the ears to hear what we offer up at this our 5th gathering at Bretton Woods, its Mount Washington Hotel, under the illumined shadow of Mount Kodaakwadjo?

Better we can do — if the People, We will to do so, if we call to mind such a “Declaration of Independence” and the resultant Constitution:

“WE THE PEOPLE of the United States…

“We the People…” 

Has the time not come here on these shores to include ALL the People in such an ever “more perfect union” — with, as noted, particular, if belated, respects paid to those excluded at the time: women, our fellow Native and African Americans, and those who had not the fortune, the fortunes to own land? Among others…?

~  ~  ~

Greta’s address at the World Economic Forum in Davos began this year of the Lord, 2019. At year’s end — over the bridge of Thanks-Giving and on into the Advent season, spiraling into the Hanukkah, Christmas and the Winter Solstice, the darkest days of the year… on toward the “Day of the Return of the Light from Above” — at year’s end we invite you, Greta, and as noted your “sisters” and “brothers,” to return home to Bretton Woods, where our debt-based monetary system was, as noted, created, globalized — in order to offer a report on the progress We have made, or haven’t made, over this momentous year. 

Hazel Henderson, who has blazed the trail with inspired measures for her 4 score years plus, looks forward to joining Christine Lagarde, former Chair and Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, and indigenous grandmothers in acknowledging the commitment of all youth of good will in their labors of love, aspiring love. Calling to mind your recent U.N. speech, Greta, might such love begin with forgiveness of others, including ourselves, for our all so mortal trespasses? So that we need not labor on under the age-old curse.

“I really support what you do. I know it’s high visibility and it’s probably hard on you. But it’s highly important.
Thank you for what you do, and we will try to support you in any way that we can.”

~ ~ ~

Gathering up the threads, in The Battle of Bretton Woods you go on to write, Benn: “So, it is an opportune moment to revisit Bretton Woods and to consider whether the aspiration of a true international money system was ever realistic, economically or politically, and to inquire, in the spirit of the architects of Bretton Woods, what a superior system might look like today.

Your conclusion to the foregoing passage addresses, can one say, the heart of the problem-challengeopportunity that faces us, if we have yet to face it. 


What, Benn, would you add, thereto, on behalf of the “Genius” of this land?

“If ‘We the People’ should indeed prove an entity, a corporate being
[imagine] what power that incorporation might one day represent.”

Katherine Drinker Bowen, “The Miracle of Philadelphia” 

And Bretton Woods….?

~ ~ ~

Stuart-Sinclair Weeks

Founder, The Center for American Studies:

Fellow-Inaugurator, The Bretton Woods Monetary Institute & Festival

Whose forbear, Major John W. Weeks, with an aspiring party of compatriots, ascended and anointed (named) the “Presidential” Peaks that flank Mount Kodaakwadjo~Washington, and whose grand nephew and namesake, Congressman John Wingate Weeks, authored the “Weeks Act” that set the granite cornerstone, in the Presidential Peaks and White Mountains, for the conservation movement nationally and internationally.

~  ~  ~

On Behalf of the Inauguration

~  In Memoriam/Spirit  ~

George Washington

Benjamin Franlin

Margaret Fuller

Louisa May Alcott

Henry David Thoreau

Nathaniel & Sophia Hawthorne

Amos Bronson & Abigail Alcott

Ralph Waldo & Lydian Emerson

Vine Deloria Jr., Author, Standing Rock Sioux

Clara Niiski, Nuclear Physicist & Native Anishinaabe-Ojibwe 

Slow Turtle, Supreme Medicine Man of the Wampanoag Nation and
Honorary Trustee of The Center for American Studies at Concord

Bette Haskins, Former Exec. Director Harvard American Indian Program

Wub-e-ke-niew, understood by some to be the last of the Anishinaabe-Ojibwe

~  ~  ~

Those in Spirit, Soul, and Body

 Ka’nahsohon Deer, Mohawk Faith Keeper, Board Member of the Hiawatha Institute For Indigenous Knowledge,  Trustee of The Center for American Studies at Concord (MA); and Co-Inaugurator of The Bretton Woods Monetary Institute & Festival

Andrew Cameron Bailey, Author of “The First Fifty Years: Freedom and Friendship at Plymouth Plantation” 

Xiye Bastida-Patrick, Celtic-Otomi-Toltec Youth Climate Activist 

Oisín Lucian-Sinclair Weeks, Youth Climate Activist

Ivan Orellanos, Bolivian bearer of “The Prophesy of The Eagle and the Condor”

Jay Amaran, former Senior Vice President Global Operations, The International Finance Corporation,
World Bank and Trustee of The Center for American Studies at Concord (MA)

Andrea Lynn Dasoli, Elementary School Teacher 

Dr. Patch Adams, Founder of the Gesundheit Institute

Flower Burley, daughter of Native & African American parents. 

Sandra Hope, Author, Founder and Exec. Officer of Fan.C ( and Stolen Nation Productions, STEM advocate; Haliwa-Saponi Tribe of NC

John Amaral, Partner, Omni Properties

Mike Nadjiwon, Ojibway, 3rd Degree Midewin Man of the 3 Fires Midewin Lodge

Bryan Anthony, Entrepreneur

Caring Hands, Chief of the Praying Indians

Rev. Rick Boyden, Methodist Minister

Steven Smith Esq., Member Ramapough Lenape Nation

Bill Konrardy, Contractor and Builder of Our Ever “New World”: Out of Many, One (in Spirit)

Shelley Charles, Elder, Chippewas of Georgina Island

Kalen Booth, Son of the North Country

Chief Arvol Looking-Horse, Lakota Sioux, 19th Generation Keeper of the Sacred Pipe

Ken Pentel, Director of the Ecology Democracy Network

Weh’na Ha’mu Kwasset~Sherri Mitchell, Native American attorney, author, and teacher

Lou Niles, Founder, Niles International

Louise Herne, Mohawk Nation Bear Clan Mother

Bill Bluhm, Woodworker & Toy Maker

Doug George-Kanentiio, Akwesasne Mohawk, Co-founder of the Native American Journalists Association,
author of “Iroquois on Fire,” and Founding Trustee of the Smithsonian Native American Institute

Connie Baxter Marlow, Author and Founder of The Trust Frequency

Joanne Shenandoah, Oneida Wolf Clan, Iroquois Confederacy and Folk-Singer

Heidi Fritz Martinez, CEO, Re-Motor America

Chief Ancient Future, Advisor to the President of Lincoln University

Steve Rogers, Entrepreneur, Up with People Alumnus

Jay Winter Nightwolf,  Cherokee, Taino, and Shoshone Historian, Poet, Writer, Commentator.
Host of American Indian / Indigenous Peoples Truths

Chris Lindstrom, Monetary Scholar & Practitioner

Kumu Mikilani Young, Indigenous Hawaiian Grandmother 

Tim Shay, Penobscot Sculptor

Naomi Chavez, Social Worker, Apache daughter

Allen Pittman, Founder of the Wisdom of the Body Institute,
Trustee The Center for American Studies at Concord (MA)

Etaoqua M’hooquethoth of the Muhheakannuck Nations at Nu Schodac

Bradford Knight, Truck Driver and Itinerant Scholar

Mamma Bear, Wakera-Katse, Clan Mother 

Wilhelmina Howard Harris, Founder I AM Ministries and Servant-Leader

Debbie Sakakohe Delisle, Mohawk Woman of the Mohawk Nation from Kahnawake,
Founder of the Step Child and Family Center

Davey Ozahowski, Poet, Sculptor

Mashichique Earl S. M. Burley Hereditary Chief of the Ponca Nation

John Moses, Founder, The Arimathea Institute and
Trustee of The Center for American Studies at Concord (MA)

Neal Powless Jr., Son of Onondaga Chief  Irving Powless, Lacrosse All-American
member of the Iroquois team at the World Lacrosse Championships.

Brian Lynch, Founder Sirius Research, 
Trustee of The Center for American Studies at Concord (MA)

GrayHawk, Cherokee and Representative of the People of the Land

Richard Kotlarz, Founder of the Institute for the Redemption of Money
Trustee of The Center for American Studies at Concord (MA) 

Sakokwenionkwas(Tom Porter), Spiritual Leader of Kanatsiohareke Mohawk Community 

Alexander Romanel, Violinist

Andrea Curley, Bridge-Builder, Onondaga Beaver Clan

Irene Lambert, Health Practitioner

Nena LaCaille Executive Director, Enaahtig Healing Lodge and Learning Center

Sherrie Noble, Esq.

Nana Wilma, Mayan Grandmother

Andi Feron, Scholar & Activist

Dylan Suagee, Cherokee poet, writer, thinker

Elaine Kain, Servant-Leader, Trustee of The Center for American Studies

Sagaligesgw, Mi’kmaq Elder, Grandmother, Medicine Woman and Wisdom Keeper

Nancy Poer, Author, Educator, Director, White Feather Ranch,  

Marie Frawley-Henry, Mashkiki Kwe, Nipissing First Nation

Edward Hall III, Bahai, Environmental Economist,
and Safe-Guarder of Boat People’s Row of the Two-Row Wampum

Darryl Pronovost, Kahnawake Mohawk & Over-Seer of the Land

Jon Underwood, Founder & CEO

Truus Geraets, Founder, The Art of Living

Patricia Anne Davis Choctaw-Navajo/Chahta-Dineh, International Teacher
Whole Systems Designer, specializing in peace making leadership

Travis Henry, Pioneer of Threefold Now

Kahsennenhawe Sky-Deer, Kahnawake Mohawk and Elected Council Member

Carmine Gorga, Fulbright Scholar, Scholar of Europe & President, Somist Institute

Jesus Manuel Valenzuela, Marine Veteran, Jumano Tribe

~  In Memoriam/Spirit  ~

Betty Plimpton, Trustee Center for American Studies at Concord

Bill Barnes, Trustee Center for American Studies at Concord

John Burke, Trustee Center for American Studies at Concord

Bill Bottum, Trustee Center for American Studies at Concord 

Sinclair Weeks, Public Servant

John Wingate Weeks, Public Servant

Paul Warburg, Board of Governors, Federal Reserve System

Henry Morgenthau, Chairman of the Bretton Woods Conference and United States Secretary of the Treasury

Manitonquat, (Medicine Story), Author and Member of the Assonet Band.

Morning Star Norman, educator and proprietor Many Nations Trading Post, Concord, MA.

~ ~ ~

~ Photo Gallery from 2015 Bretton Woods Convocation (if password required, enter concordium) ~

Andrea Curley, speaking at the Bretton Woods IV Convocation: Live Free and Prosper,Day One, at the Mt. Washington Hotel, Bretton Woods, NH, on Tuesday, September 29, 2015. Photo by Jim Peppler. Copyright Jim Peppler 2015.